Learn numbers in Romansh
Knowing numbers in Romansh is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Romansh. Learning to count in Romansh may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Romansh is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Romansh.
It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Romansh?
Romansh (rumantsch), also spelled Romansch, Rumantsh, or Romanche, is a romance language from the Indo-European family. Spoken in the Grisons canton, and one of the four official languages of Switzerland (alongside with French, German and Italian), it counts about 35,000 speakers.
List of numbers in Romansh
Here is a list of numbers in Romansh. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Romansh from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Romansh. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Romansh.
- 1) in
- 2) dus
- 3) trais
- 4) quatter
- 5) tschintg
- 6) sis
- 7) set
- 8) otg
- 9) nov
- 10) diesch
- 11) indesch
- 12) dudesch
- 13) tredesch
- 14) quattordesch
- 15) quindesch
- 16) sedesch
- 17) deschset
- 18) deschdotg
- 19) deschnov
- 20) ventg
- 30) trenta
- 40) quaranta
- 50) tschuncanta
- 60) sessanta
- 70) settanta
- 80) otganta
- 90) novanta
- 100) tschient
- 1,000) milli
- one million) in milliun
- one billion) in milliarda
Numbers in Romansh: Romansh numbering rules
Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Romansh is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Romansh you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Romansh with ease.
The way numbers are formed in Romansh is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Romansh. Also, learning how to number in Romansh yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Romansh at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Romansh
Numbers from zero to ten are specific words, namely nulla , in (feminine ina) , dus (feminine duas) , trais , quatter , tschintg , sis , set , otg , nov , and diesch .
From eleven to sixteen, numbers are formed from the root of the digit followed by ten: indesch , dudesch , tredesch , quattordesch , quindesch , and sedesch . From seventeen to nineteen, the order is reversed, as the unit is put directly after the ten: deschset , deschdotg , and deschnov .
The tens have specific names based on the matching digit root except for ten and twenty: diesch , ventg , trenta , quaranta , tschuncanta , sessanta , settanta , otganta , and novanta .
Compound numbers above twenty are formed by juxtaposing the ten and the unit with no space, causing an apocope of the last vowel of the ten name if the unit begins with a vocal, except for the twenties where the letter a is added between the word for twenty (ventg) and the digit if the digit name begins with a consonant (e.g.: ventgin , ventgadus , trentatrais , quarantatschintg ).
The hundreds are formed by prefixing the word for hundred (tschient) with the multiplier digit without space, except for one hundred, two hundred and three hundred: tschient , duatschient , traitschient (or traiatschient) , quattertschient , tschintgtschient , sistschient …
Hundreds and units are linked together with the coordinating conjunction e followed by d with no space if the unit begins with a vocal (e.g.: tschientedin , sistschientedotg ), only with the coordinating conjunction e with no space if the ten or the unit begins with a consonant up until thirty (e.g.: quattertschientedus , traitschienteventgaset ), and directly followed by the cardinal number above thirty (e.g.: otgtschienttrentin , duatschienttschuncantaquatter ).
The thousands are formed by prefixing the word for thousand (milli) with the multiplier digit without space, except for one thousand, two thousand and three thousand: milli [1,000], duamilli [2,000], traimilli (or traiamilli) [3,000], quattermilli [4,000], tschintgmilli [5,000], sismilli [6,000]…
Thousands and following numbers are linked together with the coordinating conjunction e followed by d with no space if the unit begins with a vocal (e.g.: milliedotganta [1,080], duamilliedin [2,001]), only with the coordinating conjunction e with no space if the following number begins with a consonant up until one hundred (e.g.: traimillietrais [3,003], quattermillietschuncantotg [4,058]), and directly followed by the cardinal number above one hundred (e.g.: tschintgmilliduatschientnovantin [5,291], sismillinovtschientotgantadus [6,982]).
The digits two (dus/duas) and three (trais) still have a collective form, respectively dua and trai (or traia). This is the reason why two hundred (duatschient), three hundred (traitschient or traiatschient), two thousand (duamilli), and three thousand (traimilli or traiamilli) are irregular.
One million (106) is in milliun (plural milliuns), and one US billion (109) is in milliarda (plural milliardas).
Numbers in different languages