Numbers in Persian

Learn numbers in Persian

Knowing numbers in Persian is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Persian. Learning to count in Persian may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Persian is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Persian.

It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Persian?

Persian language (Fārsi, فارسی) is a Western Iranian language of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. Official language of Iran (as Persian), of Afghanistan (as Dari) and Tajikistan (as Tajik), it is spoken by about 70 million people. The Persian script is a modified version of the Arabic script, with 36 characters, including four new letters: peh (پ), tcheh (چ), jeh (ژ), and gāf (گ). Like Arabic, it is written right-to-left in an abjad, a writing system where each symbol stands for a consonant.Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 1,000,000 in Persian. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.

List of numbers in Persian

Here is a list of numbers in Persian. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Persian from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Persian. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Persian.

  • 1) ۱ yek (یک)
  • 2) ۲ do (دو)
  • 3) ۳ se (سه)
  • 4) ۴ chahâr (چهار)
  • 5) ۵ panj (پنج)
  • 6) ۶ shesh (شش)
  • 7) ۷ haft (هفت)
  • 8) ۸ hasht (هشت)
  • 9) ۹ noh (نه)
  • 10) ۱۰ dah (ده)
  • 11) ۱۱ yâzdah (یازده)
  • 12) ۱۲ davâzdah (دوازده)
  • 13) ۱۲ sizdah (سیزده)
  • 14) ۱۴ chahârdah (چهارده)
  • 15) ۱۵ poonzdah (پانزده)
  • 16) ۱۶ shoonzdah (شانزده)
  • 17) ۱۷ hifdah (هفده)
  • 18) ۱۸ hijdah (هجده)
  • 19) ۱۹ noozdah (نوزده)
  • 20) ۲۰ bist (بیست)
  • 30) ۳۰ si (سی)
  • 40) ۴۰ chehel (چهل)
  • 50) ۵۰ panjâh (پنجاه)
  • 60) ۶۰ shast (شصت)
  • 70) ۷۰ haftâd (هفتاد)
  • 80) ۸۰ hashtâd (هشتاد)
  • 90) ۹۰ navad (نود)
  • 100) ۱۰۰ sad (صد)
  • 1,000) ۱۰۰۰ hezâr (هزار)

Numbers in Persian: Persian numbering rules

Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Persian is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Persian you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Persian with ease.

The way numbers are formed in Persian is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Persian. Also, learning how to number in Persian yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Persian at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Persian

  • Digits from zero to nine are specific words, namely sefr (صفر) [0], yek (یک) [1], do (دو) [2], se (سه) [3], chahâr (چهار) [4], panj (پنج) [5], shesh (شش) [6], haft (هفت) [7], hasht (هشت) [8], and noh (نه) [9].
  • The tens are based on the root the digit names, except for ten: dah (ده) [10], bist (بیست) [20], si (سی) [30], chehel (چهل) [40], panjâh (پنجاه) [50], shast (شصت) [60], haftâd (هفتاد) [70], hashtâd (هشتاد) [80], and navad (نود) [90].
  • From eleven to nineteen, compound numbers are formed by suffixing the root of the unit with the word for ten: yâzdah (یازده) [11], davâzdah (دوازده) [12], sizdah (سیزده) [13], chahârdah (چهارده) [14], poonzdah (پانزده) [15], shoonzdah (شانزده) [16], hifdah (هفده) [17], hijdah (هجده) [18], and noozdah (نوزده) [19].
  • Above twenty, compound numbers are formed starting with the ten, then the unit linked with the connector o (و), and. Thus, we get: bist o panj (بیست و پنج) [25], si o shesh (سی و شش) [36].
  • Hundreds are formed by prefixing the word for hundred by the root of multiplier digit, except for one hundred and two hundreds: sad (صد) [100], devist (دویست) [200], sisad (سيصد) [300], chahârsad (چهار صد) [400], pansad (پانصد) [500], sheshsad (ششصد) [600], heftsad (هفتصد) [700], heshtsad (هشتصد) [800], and nehsad (نهصد) [900].
  • The word for thousand is hezâr (هزار), and the word for million is meyeleyon (میلیون).
  • Numbers in different languages