Numbers in Livonian

Learn numbers in Livonian

Knowing numbers in Livonian is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Livonian. Learning to count in Livonian may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Livonian is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Livonian.

It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Livonian?

Livonian (Līvõ kēļ or rāndakēļ) belongs to the Uralic family, in the Finno-Ugric group. Classified as a moribund language due to its very small number of speakers (about 40 in 2001), it is spoken in Latvia, in the Courland region.

List of numbers in Livonian

Here is a list of numbers in Livonian. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Livonian from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Livonian. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Livonian.

  • 1) ikš
  • 2) kakš
  • 3) kuolm
  • 4) nēļa
  • 5) vīž
  • 6) kūž
  • 7) seis
  • 8) kōdõks
  • 9) īdõks
  • 10) kim
  • 11) ikštuoistõn
  • 12) kakštuoistõn
  • 13) kuolmtuoistõn
  • 14) nēļatuoistõn
  • 15) vīžtuoistõn
  • 16) kūžtuoistõn
  • 17) seistuoistõn
  • 18) kōdõkstuoistõn
  • 19) īdõkstuoistõn
  • 20) kakškimdõ
  • 30) kuolmkimdõ
  • 40) nēļakimdõ
  • 50) vīžkimdõ
  • 60) kūžkimdõ
  • 70) seiskimdõ
  • 80) kōdõkskimdõ
  • 90) īdõkskimdõ
  • 100) sadā
  • 1,000) tūontõ
  • one million) miljon

Numbers in Livonian: Livonian numbering rules

Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Livonian is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Livonian you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Livonian with ease.

The way numbers are formed in Livonian is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Livonian. Also, learning how to number in Livonian yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Livonian at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Livonian

  • Numbers from zero to ten are specific words: null [0], ikš [1], kakš [2], kuolm [3], nēļa [4], vīž [5], kūž [6], seis [7], kōdõks [8] (meaning 10 minus 2), īdõks [9] (meaning 10 minus 1), and kim [10].
  • From eleven to nineteen, the numbers are formed from the matching digits, adding the suffix -tuoistõn, which means from the second (ten): ikštuoistõn [11], kakštuoistõn [12], kuolmtuoistõn [13], nēļatuoistõn [14], vīžtuoistõn [15], kūžtuoistõn [16], seistuoistõn [17], kōdõkstuoistõn [18], and īdõkstuoistõn [19].
  • The tens are formed by adding the -kimdõ suffix at the end of the digits, with the obvious exception of ten: kim [10], kakškimdõ [20], kuolmkimdõ [30], nēļakimdõ [40], vīžkimdõ [50], kūžkimdõ [60], seiskimdõ [70], kōdõkskimdõ [80], and īdõkskimdõ [90]. When composed with a digit, numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine are formed by saying the ten, then the digit separated with a space (e.g.: kakškimdõ ikš [21], kuolmkimdõ kakš [32]).
  • The word for hundred is sadā in nominative singular, and sadād in nominative plural. Hundred are formed by stating the multiplier digit, followed by the partitive plural saddõ of hundred, except for one hundred itself: sadā [100], kakš saddõ [200], kuolm saddõ [300], nēļa saddõ [400], vīž saddõ [500]…
  • The word for thousand is tūontõ in nominative singular. Thousands are formed by stating the multiplier digit, followed by tūontõd, the nominative plural of thousand (its partitive plural being tūontidi), except for one thousand itself: tūontõ [1,000], kakš tūontõd [2,000], kuolm tūontõd [3,000], nēļa tūontõd [4,000], vīž tūontõd [5,000]…
  • The word for million is miljon in nominative singular, and miljonõd in nominative plural: miljon [1 million], kakš miljonõd [2 million], kuolm miljonõd [3 million]…
  • Latvian-Livonian-English Phrase Book (in .pdf)
  • Numbers in different languages